Why Do Investors Underperform Investments?

Why Do Investors Underperform Investments?

June 16, 2017

The last thing you want to do is lose money, but that is exactly what many investors do when they underperform their investments. When it comes to our finances, we are often our own worst enemy. We overreact, make emotional decisions, and get caught up in sensationalized headlines. We lose sleep over market fluctuations and check our account balances daily, becoming worried that we won’t have enough to retire, send our kids to college, or take that dream vacation.

Market volatility is frightening, but the real problem with volatility is that it drives us to make poor decisions. Want proof? The numbers speak for themselves.

The Raw Data

Every year, Dalbar releases their most up-to-date investor behavior analysis. And what do they find every year? That no matter what the market does, the return on your investments are more dependent on your behavior as an investor than how the individual funds perform.  

Take a look at the numbers from the 5-year period from 2011-2015:

Dalbar’s data is consistent over the years. It takes into account all market conditions and always comes up with the same results: investors’ returns are always less than true market performance. Through the past 30 years, equity fund investors earned an average of 3.7% annually while the S&P 500 earned 10.4%. That difference can make or break your investments. Let’s look at some reasons why this happens and what can you do about it.

Short-Sightedness Vs. Long-Term Perspective

The markets fluctuate every day. You’ll only feel more stressed and make emotional decisions if you monitor your performance and adjust your investments every time something unexpected happens. It’s more important to maintain a long-term perspective and a disciplined approach.

Stay true to your investment strategy hold tight when the markets go crazy. As the saying goes, you need to learn to see the forest through the trees. You need to learn to look past the short-term ups and downs and keep your eyes on the big picture in order to stick with it through the bad days and not miss out on the best days.

The following graph from CNN Money shows the “trees,” the short-term market fluctuations, which are why so many people leave the stock market in a panic and miss out on the best days. This is the S&P 500 from a 6-month period in 2015. There are a lot of ups and downs, and even some terrifying drops. 

A wise investor needs to learn to ignore the “trees” and keep their eyes on the “forest,” the historic market returns. The following graph shows the same S&P 500 over the last 115 years, rather than 6 months. It is much more reassuring. The continual upward trend is tangible proof of the strength and dependability (and also short-term volatility) of the markets. Keeping this picture in your mind regardless of the daily headlines will give you peace and confidence when facing the month-to-month ups and downs. You have over 100 years of history on your side.

Ignoring The Fine Print

It’s basic math — gross return less costs equals net return. Investments with high costs and/or hidden fees can drastically eat away at your assets over the long-term. An investor will not receive the full return that the market provides due to fees and management costs, but investing in cost-effective investments will provide you with an opportunity to get a larger portion of that return.

Panic Selling Vs. Rebalancing

Instead of going on a buying or selling frenzy when the market roller coaster gets wild, take a deep breath and rebalance your portfolio annually. When the markets get overly out of whack, your asset allocation has also probably gotten a little off. The high returns that portions of your portfolio are generating are shifting your portfolio off balance, with some investments growing much faster than others.

Though it may seem counterintuitive to sell off your winners, rebalancing is a wise and proven investment strategy. You need to rebalance your portfolio by selling some of your overachievers to purchase underperformers. This will keep your portfolio from having more risk than you are comfortable with. What was once only 10% of your portfolio can potentially grow to 20% or 30% in a bull market. Readjustments may be necessary.  Rebalancing a portfolio may cause investors to incur tax liabilities and/or transaction costs and does not assure a profit or protect against a loss.

The Performance Measurement That Matters Most

When it comes to investing, what matters most is not market performance or this year’s hot stock picks; it’s applying the right behaviors to a personalized strategy based on your specific goals and needs.  

By using a disciplined approach, focusing on the long-term, and working with an objective advisor who understands investor behavior, you can work toward your goals and a successful retirement. If you want an advisor by your side to help you make the most of your investments, call my office at (949) 221-8105 x 2128, or email me at michael.loo@lpl.com. 

About Mike Loo

Mike Loo is an independent financial advisor with more than 20 years of experience in the financial services industry. His mission is to provide a meaningful impact on the lives of clients and the people they care most about, help them make educated decisions with their money, and build a strong financial foundation for both themselves and their next generation. Mike is committed to meeting a high standard of excellence, taking the time to listen to clients’ needs, and designing strategies that aim to help clients save money and reduce debt. He seeks to fit a client’s investments into their life and educate them so they’ll understand their investments. To learn more about how Mike may be able to help, connect with him on LinkedIn, call his office at (949) 221-8105 x 2128, or email him at michael.loo@lpl.com.

Securities offered through LPL Financial, Member FINRA/SIPC. Investment advice offered through Trilogy Capital, a registered investment advisor. Trilogy Capital and Trilogy Financial are separate entities from LPL Financial.